Pillar sculpture is a kind of column without a pillar foundation, which is directly placed on the pedestal and built up one by one by a series of drum-shaped stones. Pillar sculpture is an indispensable support for a building. Whether in the East or the West, their shadows can be seen in architecture. It comes from ancient Egypt. The Xian Taoric column, named by a famous French Egyptologist, is the precursor of this Greek column. Pillar sculpture, especially the Roman pillar is also constantly developing and changing. Whether it is the capital or the body, with the aesthetic and cultural differences of the times, pillar sculpture presents a completely different and splendid appearance.